Podcast (OLD)

Renes Care Radio is a podcast focusing on the latest developments and research in nephrology. It is tailored for kidney care professionals and caregivers. Each episode offers a scientific exploration of relevant topics, helping providers with the knowledge needed for advanced patient care.

Follow us on SpotifySubscribe on YouTube Music


Loop Diuretics: Technical Aspects & Clinical Considerations

This episode explores the technical aspects and clinical applications of loop diuretics, a class of medications used to treat hypertension, heart failure, and edema. It delves into their mechanism of action, which involves inhibiting the Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter (NKCC2) in the loop of Henle, leading to increased excretion of water and electrolytes. It also discusses the pharmacokinetics, indications, and potential side effects of loop diuretics.
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is a common hereditary kidney disorder characterized by multiple cysts in both kidneys, leading to hypertension, renal insufficiency, and potentially ESRD. It is caused by mutations in the PKD1 and PKD2 genes, with diagnosis primarily based on imaging studies and genetic testing. Management focuses on blood pressure management, pain relief, and novel therapies like vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists.
Microalbuminuria: Early Detection and Management of Kidney Disease

Microalbuminuria, characterized by a small amount of albumin in the urine, is an early marker for kidney damage, especially in patients with diabetes and hypertension. It is detected through urine tests measuring the albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) in a random sample or total albumin excretion in a 24-hour collection. Early detection through these methods can prevent the progression to severe kidney disease and reduce cardiovascular risks.
Hyperkalemia Management in CKD Patients

Hyperkalemia is a significant and potentially life-threatening complication in CKD patients. Effective management requires understanding its pathophysiology, identifying risk factors, and implementing both acute and long-term treatment strategies. Recent advances in treatment options and ongoing research promise improved outcomes for CKD patients.
Role of Telemedicine in Nephrology

Telemedicine has revolutionized the management of CKD by enabling continuous monitoring and virtual consultations, enhancing patient care without requiring travel. This approach supports home dialysis and transplantation follow-up, allowing for real-time assistance and adherence to complex treatment regimens. Despite challenges, integrating AI and expanding tele-nephrology networks promise to advance renal care in underserved areas.
Gut-Kidney Axis: Microbiome’s Role

This episode delves into the gut-kidney axis, examining how the gut microbiome influences renal function. The discussion covers the impact of beneficial short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and harmful uremic toxins on kidney health. Potential therapeutic interventions targeting the microbiome show promise in improving renal outcomes.
A Closer Look at Phosphorus in CKD

One of the significant complications associated with CKD is mineral and bone disorder, primarily due to dysregulated phosphorus metabolism. Effective management of serum phosphorus levels is essential in CKD patients to prevent vascular calcification, renal osteodystrophy, and cardiovascular morbidity. Strategies include dietary restriction, use of phosphate binders, and dialysis, all aimed at maintaining phosphorus homeostasis and minimizing associated complications.
Measuring Blood Urea Nitrogen

The urease method is the primary technique for measuring urea nitrogen in plasma, utilizing the enzyme urease to convert urea into ammonia and carbon dioxide. This method is highly specific and sensitive, allowing for precise quantification through spectrophotometric techniques such as colorimetric assays. BUN levels are interpreted alongside other tests like serum creatinine and GFR for comprehensive kidney health evaluation.
Renal Nutrition Therapy: Beyond the Basics

Renal nutrition therapy for CKD has shifted from strict dietary limitations to a more personalized approach that considers individual nutritional needs and disease stages. Advanced strategies include managing protein, phosphorus, potassium, and micronutrient intake, alongside incorporating dietary patterns like the Mediterranean diet that promote overall kidney health. The approach helps in improving patient outcomes by focusing on both macro and micronutrient management.
Genetic Testing in Nephrology

Genetic testing offers precise diagnostic and prognostic tools that revolutionize how kidney diseases are understood and managed. By identifying genetic variations, these tests enable tailored treatments and early interventions, particularly for conditions like autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and Alport syndrome. The field however faces challenges such as ethical concerns and the interpretation of ambiguous results, which require careful management and ongoing research.
Phosphate Management in CKD

Phosphate management is crucial for CKD patients to prevent complications such as cardiovascular diseases and bone disorders. Managing phosphate levels involves dietary restrictions, the use of phosphate binders, and regular monitoring of blood phosphate levels. Despite the challenges, effective control of phosphate can significantly improve the quality of life and reduce mortality risks in individuals with CKD.
KDIGO: Background Information

We provide some background on “Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes” (KDIGO), a pivotal organization dedicated to enhancing global kidney care through evidence-based guidelines. Learn about KDIGO’s mission, collaborative efforts, and the impact of their guidelines on improving patient outcomes worldwide.
Steroid-Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome

We delve into Steroid-Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome (SRNS), a particularly challenging subset of nephrotic syndrome marked by its resistance to standard steroid therapy. This resistance complicates treatment and often leads to more severe outcomes. We discuss the genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying SRNS, its complex pathogenesis, and the multifaceted approach required for its management.
Addressing Depression in CKD Patients

We explore the physiological and psychological factors contributing to depression in CKD, including the effects of uremic toxins on brain function and the emotional toll of managing a chronic illness. The episode also outlines strategies for effective management of depression in CKD, emphasizing the importance of integrated care that combines nephrological treatment with psychological support.
Fluid Management During CRRT

We discuss how meticulous assessment of fluid status, using both clinical observations and advanced monitoring techniques, informs the precise adjustment of fluid removal rates during Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy. The episode also highlights the collaborative efforts of an interdisciplinary team, including nephrologists, nurses, and dietitians, to optimize fluid balance and support patient recovery through carefully tailored interventions.
How Smoking Disrupts Kidney Function

We explore how smoking disrupts kidney function through pathways like renal vasoconstriction, increased oxidative stress, and inflammation, leading to faster progression of CKD. Additionally, the episode highlights the potential for reversing some of these harmful effects through smoking cessation, improving outcomes in renal disease management.
When to Start Renal Replacement Therapy

This episode focuses on the important factors influencing the timing of Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT) in patients with severe renal dysfunction. We discuss how early versus late initiation of RRT impacts patient outcomes and the considerations that guide this decision, such as hemodynamic stability and severity of symptoms. The effect of the choice of RRT modality is also reviewed.
Impact of Obesity on Kidney Health

Obesity significantly affects kidney health by inducing glomerular hyperfiltration and promoting the progression of CKD. The associated metabolic disorders, such as hypertension and diabetes, further exacerbate renal damage, complicating treatment outcomes in obese individuals. Preventative measures and targeted treatments, including lifestyle modifications and medical interventions, are essential to mitigate the impact of obesity on renal health.
Kidney’s Role in Acid-Base Homeostasis

We delve into the intricate mechanisms by which the kidneys maintain the body’s acid-base balance, a fundamental aspect of cellular metabolism. We explore how the kidneys manage hydrogen ion concentrations through bicarbonate reabsorption, hydrogen secretion, and the production of new bicarbonate, ensuring that our blood pH remains stable. The discussion also covers the clinical implications of disturbances in this balance, particularly in the context of CKD.
Alport Syndrome

Alport Syndrome is a genetic disorder affecting the kidneys, ears, and eyes, characterized by mutations in type IV collagen. Learn about its symptoms, diagnostic methods, and management strategies, including the use of medications and hearing aids. We also explore the latest advances in genetic research and the potential for future treatments through gene therapy.
Proteinuria: Implications for Kidney Health

In this episode, we explore proteinuria, a significant clinical indicator of kidney disease. Proteinuria is caused by various conditions affecting the kidneys or other body parts, including glomerular diseases like glomerulonephritis, tubular disorders such as tubulointerstitial diseases, overflow proteinuria seen in multiple myeloma, and functional proteinuria arising from fever or stress. Proteinuria can lead to severe health complications, including fluid imbalance, nutrient deficiencies, and progressive kidney damage, potentially resulting in CKD.
Renal Pathology Techniques

In this episode, we explore renal pathology, focusing on the study and diagnosis of kidney diseases. We discuss glomerular, tubulointerstitial, and vascular diseases, along with diagnostic techniques like light microscopy and molecular pathology. Despite challenges in accurate diagnosis, advancements in molecular biology and AI offer promising solutions.
Vascular Access for Hemodialysis

This episode examines the types of vascular access used in hemodialysis—arteriovenous fistulas, arteriovenous grafts, and central venous catheters. It addresses the management practices essential for maintaining access efficacy and minimizing complications, such as infections and thrombosis. The discussion also covers the latest advancements in vascular access technology and procedures.
Nocturnal Dialysis Benefits & Challenges

In this episode, we discuss the potential benefits of nocturnal dialysis, including improved cardiovascular health, better control of blood pressure, and enhanced phosphate management. Challenges related to the logistics of overnight dialysis, patient adaptation to new schedules, and the technical requirements of conducting treatments at home are also discussed.
Mineral and Bone Disorders in CKD

This episode discusses the complex condition known as Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder (CKD-MBD), which encompasses disruptions in mineral metabolism, bone abnormalities, and vascular calcifications in CKD patients. It explores the pathophysiological mechanisms behind CKD-MBD, including alterations in calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone, and vitamin D metabolism. Diagnostic approaches such as biochemical assessments, imaging, and bone biopsies are also discussed.
Gut Health and Renal Function

This episode investigates the complex relationship between gut health and renal function. It discusses how changes in the gut microbiota can affect renal function through the production of metabolites like short-chain fatty acids and uremic toxins. We also explore the mechanisms linking gut health with renal function including immune modulation and metabolic effects, and consider therapeutic implications such as dietary interventions and novel treatments.
Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

This episode explores the complex interplay of factors contributing to anemia in patients with CKD, including the diminished production of erythropoietin, iron deficiency, and the role of inflammation. It discusses the current treatment approaches, such as erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, iron supplementation, and emerging therapies like hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors.
Advances in Kidney Transplantation

This episode discusses the evolution of surgical techniques, from laparoscopic to robotic-assisted surgeries, the development of new immunosuppressive drugs, innovations in donor matching and organ preservation, and the enhancement of post-transplant monitoring with technologies like biomarkers. It also explores future directions such as xenotransplantation and the potential for developing tolerance protocols to reduce the need for lifelong immunosuppression.
Role of Vitamin D in CKD Management

This episode explores the pivotal role of vitamin D in the management of Chronic Kidney Disease. It discusses the physiological changes in vitamin D metabolism due to CKD, its clinical applications in mitigating complications such as secondary hyperparathyroidism, and the epidemiological evidence supporting its use.
Sodium Bicarbonate in the Treatment of CKD

This episode examines the use of sodium bicarbonate in treating Chronic Kidney Disease, focusing on its role in correcting metabolic acidosis and its effects on kidney function preservation. It discusses the rationale behind its use, highlights potential benefits such as improved nutritional status and bone health, and addresses the risks associated with therapy, including sodium overload and metabolic alkalosis.
SGLT2 Inhibitors in Modern Medical Practice

This episode outlines the pharmacological properties, clinical benefits, and potential side effects of Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, a class of drugs primarily used in managing type 2 diabetes mellitus. It details how these drugs enhance glucose excretion to control blood sugar, while also offering cardiovascular and renal protective effects. We further explores their use in treating heart failure and potential applications in other diseases.
Glomerular Proteinuria: Pathophysiology & Management

This episode examines glomerular proteinuria, focusing on the mechanisms that cause protein leakage in the kidneys, its health implications, and management strategies. It discusses the pathophysiology, including damage to the glomerular filtration barrier, and the clinical consequences like increased risk of CKD and cardiovascular diseases. The text also covers diagnostic approaches and outlines management tactics involving blood pressure control, dietary adjustments, and regular monitoring to mitigate kidney damage.
Managing Urinary Tract Infections in CKD

This episode delves into the increased susceptibility of CKD patients to UTIs, the impact of these infections on kidney function, and the diagnostic challenges that arise. It outlines pharmacological treatments and preventive measures, aimed at controlling infections while preserving kidney health.
Herbal Supplements and Kidney Health

Explore the nephrotoxic risks of herbal supplements in this episode. We examine the biochemical mechanisms through which herbs like aristolochic acid and oxalates affect renal health, supported by findings from recent studies. The episode also discusses strategies for healthcare providers to manage and monitor the use of herbal supplements in patients with renal concerns.
Autoimmune Disorders and Kidney Disease

Explore the intricate link between autoimmune disorders and kidney disease in this episode. We discuss how autoimmune conditions can lead to kidney damage, the challenges in diagnosing and managing these issues, and the latest therapeutic strategies aimed at improving patient outcomes. Tune in to understand the complex dynamics of these interconnected health issues.
Rising Infections in Outpatient Dialysis Centers

This episode of Renes Care Radio examines a CDC report on the rising rate of infections in outpatient dialysis centers, focusing on bloodstream infections from Staphylococcus aureus in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We discuss the systemic issues and health disparities highlighted in the report, exploring their implications for patient care and safety.
Diabetic Kidney Disease: Impact & Management

Explore Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD), its pathophysiology, progression, and treatments. This episode covers molecular mechanisms, diagnosis, current management strategies, and emerging therapies in DKD, providing insights into how diabetes impacts kidney function and the latest advancements in treatment.
Dietary Oxalates in Kidney Stone Prevention

In this episode of Renes Care Radio, we explore the role of dietary oxalates in kidney stone formation, discuss high-oxalate foods, and emphasize the importance of dietary calcium in oxalate management. This focused discussion provides nephrology professionals with practical insights into dietary recommendations for preventing kidney stones.